Tuesday, April 21, 2009

AP STYLE TIPS to review

JOURN M/W and WED AP STYLE TIPS
SPRING 2009


On first mention, always use full names, whether it's sports teams,
school, people. Don't use nicknames on first mention.
University of Massachusetts - UMass
Barack Obama - Obama
Massachusetts women's basketball team - Minutewomen
Federal Reserve - The Fed
New York Giants - G-Men
New York Yankees - Suck
Nick O'Malley - guy who makes the SGA angry when he writes things
Posted by Nick O'Malleyat1:24 PM1 comments

AP style Tip...months
months – Never abbreviate months when they do not immediately precede a
date. Example:We got married in September last year. However, when the
name of a month immediately precedes a date, abbreviate it -- but only if
the month's name is six letters or longer. Example: We got married Aug.
6last year. But, we were divorced March 5.
Posted byeinnissat3:40 AM0comments

Watch your capitalization when using the phrase "big brother." Lowercase
refers to the older sibling where "Big Brother" refers to the watchful
eye of government (from "1984").
Posted by Jennifer Turnerat2:11 AM0comments

Spell out numbered streets from first through ninth. Use numerals for
higher numbers such as 14thAvenue, 21st Street, 203rd Street.
Posted by Jasmineat4:23 PM0comments

Ages: Always uses numerals----never spell out. For example: a
1-month-old child; Billy,7, was....The only exception is when an age
begins in a sentence, as in: Nine -year-old Jimmy Jones.
Posted by einnissat4:14 PM0comments

'm posting this because it's confused me for a loooooooong time:
affect,effect -- Ninety-nine times out of 100, if the word you use is a
verb,spell it with an "a," and if it is a noun, spell it with an "e."
In these two usages, affect means to influence and effect means the
resul tof an action -- and those are by far the most common uses.
Examples?Student: How will this affect (try substituting the word
"influence")my grade? Teacher: I don't know what the effect (try
substituting the word "result") will be.
Posted by Sophia Yavorskiat3:49 PM1 comments

president: Capitalized only as a title before an individual's name.
(example: President Obama) (example2: The president made a speech
yesterday.)
Posted by Stephat4:22 PM0comments

Use "OK" instead of "okay" or "o.k." in every circumstance
Posted by Gillian Ballat6:47 PM0comments

Academic majors and degrees are not capitalized. So for example I am a
business major. The only exception is nations, like English for example.
Posted by David Cooperat12:40 PM0comments

Use Roman numerals for wars, monarchs and Popes: World War I, Pope John
XXIII, King David of Brinch IV
Posted by Ben Moriartyat4:27 PM0comments


Toward - This word never has an "s" at the end of it.
Very - Avoid using this word. Use the correct adjective to convey your
thoughts: "the man was very angry = the man was furious"
Posted by Tommy Mooreat12:50 PM0comments

Titles of ethnic groups:
- The preferred usage for African Americans is “black.” The term is not
capitalized.
- Preferred usage for Caucasians is “white,” also not capitalized.
- Preferred usage for Asian people is “Asian,” capitalized. Please note
that in British usage the term applies only to people of the Indian
Subcontinent.
- “American Indian,” capitalized with no hyphen, is preferred over
“Native American.”
Posted by Maggie Cutlerat5:35 PM0comments

U.S. - Used as an adjective, but not as a noun, for United States.
Posted by Joe Stahlat1:35 AM0comments

like-:
Follow with a hyphen when used as a prefix meaning similar to:
like-minded, like-natured
No hyphen in words that have meanings of their own: likeness, likewise,
likelihood
Posted by Jennifer Turner at11:10 PM0comments

Gay acceptable as a popular synonym for homosexual. May not be used as
a noun and an adjective.
Posted by NayzDayzat3:09 PM1 comments

Ages: When writing someone's age, always use numerals. This is an exception to
the "spell out one through nine" rule. However, if the age is the first
word in the sentence, write it out or reword it.
Examples: Iggy Pop, 61, is a punk rock icon.
Forty-eight-year old Henry Rollins hosts his own show.
Henry Rollins, 48, hosts his own show.
Posted by Liz_Wahlmanat2:29 PM0comments

Grafs (paragraphs) should be short in a news story. The typical length
is about 2-3 sentences. Since the paragraphs will look shorter, so does
the story, and therefore people are more likely to want to read on.
Posted by Sophia Yavorskiat1:41 PM0comments

Dates are expressed as numerals. The months August through February
are abbreviated when used with numbered dates. March through July are
never abbreviated. Months without dates are not abbreviated. "Th" is not
used. Example: The meeting is on Oct. 15. She was born on July 12. I love the
weather in November.
Posted by Alan Ulichneyat4:07 PM0comments

Percentages: Use decimals, not fractions. Use the word percent, not
thesymbol. For amounts less than 1 percent, place a zero before
thedecimal. Example: .06 percent.
When presenting a range, repeat percent after each figure. Example: 3
percent to 7 percent.
Posted by Stephat2:25 PM0comments
Labels:AP STYLE,Ap tip

Full time vs. Full-time
Hyphenate when used as a compound modifier.
ex. He works full time. She is a full-time student.
Posted by einnissat5:11 PM0comments

Month and year: Standard usage is [January 2001], not [January of 2001]
Posted by JazmineP
Time in newspaper usage is always a.m. or p.m. Don’t use tonight with p.m. or this morning with a.m., because it is redundant. Don’t use the terms yesterday and tomorrow to describe when an event occurred. It is OK, however, to say today.
• In describing when an event happens, use the day of the week if the event occurs in the last week or the next week. BUT, use the calendar date if the event is longer than a week ago or farther than a week off.
Posted by Kat Murphy
Time: Use figures except for noon and midnight
Use a colon to separate hours from minutes (e.g. 2:30 a.m.)
4 o'clock is acceptable, but time listings with a.m. or p.m. are preferred
Posted by keri
Spell out fractions and use a hyphen: one-fourth, two-thirds, three-thirds, etc.
Ex. According to a survey by Newsweek magazine, two-thirds of all evangelicals believe the world will end within their lifetime.
Posted by Robert Tanner
To form plurals when figures, letters and symbols are refereed to as words, use an apostrophe and an s.
EX: He skated perfect 8's
She received all A's in her finals
Posted by Maggie
When using the word versus, do not. Instead, use "vs."
Example: Humans vs. Zombies is a game for stupid people. Posted by Ben Moriarty
When referring to a person who flies planes (an aviator) or a handbill or handout, the word "flier" is used instead of "flyer."
Posted by Tommy Moore

When talking about temperature use figures unless it is zero degrees. So for example, It was 25 degrees outside.
Posted by David Cooper

Cents: According to AP style, spell out "cents" and lowercase, using numerals for amounts less than a dollar. For example, 5 cents, or 12 cents. Use "$" and decimals to indicate amounts larger than a dollar: $1.05, for example, or $2.25.
Posted by Nick Bush

Ecstasy - Capitalize this and other synthetic drug names.
Posted by Joe Stahl

When dealing with times never use "O'clock". For example it would be written as 10 a.m. not 10:00 a.m. or 10 o'clock.
Also use "noon" and "midnight" instead of 12 p.m. and 12 a.m.
Posted by J.D. Fetcho

Instead of policeman and fireman, use police officer and firefighter (be PC!)
But, surprisingly, use chairman or chairwoman instead of chair or chairperson. The same goes for using spokesman or spokeswoman instead of spokesperson.
Posted by Ben Moriarty
An Internet and Web site are always capitalized within a story. Posted by Dave Brinch

When naming multiple things, there is no comma before the "and" that precedes the final word.
Example: "The event was describe as sweet, awesome and wicked awesome."
I remember back in elementary school when the teachers drilled it into my head that the comma was there. AP style's just weird in that way. Nick O'Malley

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